Translation for 'leopard' in the free English-Swahili dictionary and many other Swahili translations. The leopard is distinguished by its well-camouflaged fur, opportunistic hunting behaviour, broad diet, strength, and its ability to adapt to a variety of habitats ranging from rainforest to steppe, including arid and montane areas. In Greek mythology, the leopard was a symbol of the god Dionysus; who was depicted wearing leopard skin and using leopards as means of transportation. Add a translation. They live in sub-Saharan Africa, northeast Africa, Central Asia, India, and China. [24][25], Its fur tends to grow longer in colder climates. [106] The fur of the young tends to be longer and thicker than that of adults. [5] Leopards do not usually eat humans, but sometimes leopards that are hurt or sick can eat people when they do not have enough to eat. The tiger diverged about 6.55 million years ago, followed by the snow leopard about 4.63 million years ago and the leopard about 4.35 million years ago. Trees are its main escape from attacks by lions or packs of dogs. In Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, Jordan, Morocco, Togo, the United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Lebanon, Mauritania, Kuwait, Syria, Libya, Tunisia and most likely in North Korea, Gambia, Laos, Lesotho, Tajikistan, Vietnam, and Israel, leopard populations have already been extirpated. However, no significant association were found between a conspicuous colour of tail patches and behavioural variables in carnivores. What does leopard expression mean? A dappling of solid black spots is present on the leopard's limbs and head. In this period, transhumant pastoralists from the border area with Sudan moved in the area with their livestock. Info. The skull of a West African panther measured 28.6 cm (11 1⁄4 in) in basal length, and 18.1 cm (7 1⁄8 in) in breadth, and weighed 790 g (1 lb 12 oz). [142], Depending on the region, leopards may mate all year round. English History Human Body Maths Music, Art, and Literature Science Space Sports Transport More Find Out. More Fun Facts about Leopards. en In the New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures, Isaiah 11:6 reads: “The wolf will actually reside for a while with the male lamb, and with the kid the leopard itself will lie down, and the calf and the maned young lion and the well-fed animal all together; and a mere little boy will be leader over them.” [160], In South Africa, safaris are offered in numerous nature reserves such as in Sabi Sand Game Reserve. [9] [36][37] An Indian leopard killed in Himachal Pradesh in 2016 measured 261 cm (8 ft 7 in) with an estimated weight of 78.5 kg (173 lb) was perhaps the largest known wild leopard. Leopards are part of the cat family, Felidae. In India, safaris are offered in Madhya Pradesh and Uttarakhand national parks as well as in the Pali district of western Rajasthan.[161]. They climb trees well, and do so regularly. Leopards live in habitats where there are some trees. Love snow ⛄️ on May 13, 2020: I have a project dew tomorrow this is really good for it. I ate Doritos for breakfast on May 06, 2020: Are they taste like Doritos? The rosettes are most prominent on the jaguar's back and flanks. Dark spots are generally arranged in rosettes over much of the body and without the central spot characteristics of the jaguar. 2. [127][128], While interspecies killing of full-grown leopards is generally rare, given the opportunity, both tiger and lion readily kill and consume both young and adult leopards. Its belly is whitish and its ringed tail is shorter than its body. Leopards are part of the cat family, Felidae. [148] Previously, the oldest recorded leopard was a female named Bertie living in captivity in the Warsaw Zoo. [119] Analysis of leopard scat in Taï National Park revealed that primates, except for chimpanzee and potto, are primary leopard prey during the day. API call; Human contributions. [27] It is able to take large prey due to its massive skull and powerful jaw muscles, and is therefore strong enough to drag carcasses heavier than itself up into trees; an individual was seen to haul a young giraffe, weighing nearly 125 kg (276 lb), up 5.7 m (18 ft 8 in) into a tree. Leopards were also kept and paraded as mascots, totems and sacrifices to deities. From Middle English leopard, ... Leopard skins have always been desirable commodities because of their spectacular spotted patterns. These beautiful carnivores are the subject of movies, legends, and folk tales, and are common in captivity. Leopards are larger than a house cat, but leopards are the smallest members of the large cat category. (inexact) A similar-looking, large wild cat named after the leopard. It is an ambush predator, and operates best where it has some cover. [3] Leopards hunt at different times, and they also use different methods for hunting. Are you ready to learn more? In western and central Asia, it avoids deserts, areas with long snow cover and proximity to urban centres. Hunted largely for its beautiful, spotted fur, the loss of each Amur leopard puts the species at greater risk of extinction. [40] Interbreeding in melanistic leopards produces a significantly smaller litter size than is produced by normal pairings. [144] Cubs are usually born in a litter of 2–4 cubs. [81], Leopard populations on the Arabian Peninsula are small and fragmented. It is considered to be extirpated in North Africa. [55] Powerful and agile, the leopard is an efficient hunter. Toggle text. [146], The average typical life span of a leopard is between 12 and 17 years. [90][91], In Myanmar, leopards were recorded for the first time by camera traps in the hill forests of Myanmar's Karen State. Snow Leopard Facts: 1-5. It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List because leopard populations are threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation, and are declining in large parts of the global range. You might think the obvious identifying feature of the leopard seal is its black-spotted coat. [29] Surveys conducted at the beginning of the 21st century revealed that the ranges of both species overlap in this region, especially in protected areas where ungulate densities are high and human disturbance is low. It is similar in appearance to the jaguar, but has a smaller, lighter physique, and its rosettes are generally smaller, more densely packed and without central spots. [31], The leopard is sexually dimorphic, males are larger and heavier than females. [143] Gestation lasts for 90 to 105 days. [3] It inhabits foremost savanna and rainforest, and areas where grasslands, woodlands, and riverine forests remain largely undisturbed. Territorial sizes vary geographically and depending on habitat and availability of prey. They are: From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. [117] Leopards usually hunt on the ground. Some of these species steal its kills, kill its cubs and even kill adult leopards. [32] Males interact with their partners and cubs at times, and exceptionally this can extend beyond to two generations. [137] Two cases of leopards killing cheetahs have been reported in 2014. Surveys in the Central African Republic's Chinko area revealed that the leopard population decreased from 97 individuals in 2012 to 50 individuals in 2017. Leopards (Panthera pardus) are one of five species of the big cat genus Panthera, a group that also includes tigers, lions, and jaguars. The cat is closely related to the other big cats in the genus Panthera. [101][102], Leopards are active mainly from dusk till dawn and rest for most of the day and for some hours at night in thickets, among rocks or over tree branches. It kills small prey with a bite on the back of the neck, but holds larger animals by the throat and strangles them. The most similar cat in its lifestyle is the jaguar, which lives in Central and South America. Most healthy leopards prefer wild prey to humans, but injured, sickly, or struggling cats or those with a shortage of regular prey may resort to hunting humans and become habituated to it. [26][125], In parts of its global range, the leopard is sympatric with other large predators such as tiger, lion, cheetah, spotted hyena, striped hyena, brown hyena, African wild dog, dhole and up to five bear species. [22] Leopards living in arid regions are pale cream, yellowish to ochraceous and rufous in colour; those living in forests and mountains are much darker and deep golden. The rings, unlike those of the New World jaguar [2], never have spots inside them. Weerasinghe, U.M.I.R.K., Kariyawasm, D. and M. De Zoysa (2003). [51] Leopards are the only natural predators of adult chimpanzees and gorillas, though probably not the large male silverback gorillas. A leopard is a member of the Felidae family or the “big cats” family. [157] The coat of the leopard has been popular decorative clothing and a symbol of power, wealth and the exotic, being worn by African chiefs, European queens, Hollywood film stars and burlesque dancers. In the Serengeti, leopards have been observed to ambush prey by jumping down on it from trees. Kindersley, Dorling (2001, 2005). The life expectancy of a leopard living in the wild is generally 12 – 15 years and a leopard living in a zoo has a life expectancy of about 23 years. These spots are called “rosettes” … [20], The leopard's fur is generally soft and thick, notably softer on the belly than on the back. 1400)-language text, Articles containing Middle French (ca. Most leopards are light coloured and have dark spots on their fur. The leopard lives in the Primorye region of southeastern Russia and in the Jilin Province of northeast China.It is critically endangered ().Only 14–20 adults and 5–6 cubs were counted in 2007. Afrikaans. Definitions by the largest Idiom Dictionary. A baby is called a cub. [9] The pattern of the rosettes is unique in each individual. [117] Kills are cached up to 2 km (1 1⁄4 mi) apart. [41] [21] Its skin colour varies between individuals from pale yellowish to dark golden with dark spots grouped in rosettes. Juveniles have woolly fur, and appear to be dark-coloured due to the densely arranged spots. She died August 8, 2014 at the age of 24 years, 2 months and 13 days. Today, scientist estimate that there may only be between 4,500 and 10,000 snow leopards left in the wild. Spots fade toward the white underbelly and the insides and lower parts of the legs. [7][8], Compared to other wild cats, the leopard has relatively short legs and a long body with a large skull. However, many seals have spots. [11], In Europe, the leopard occurred at least since the Pleistocene. There were also differences in the microhabitat preferences of the individual tiger and leopard followed over five months; the tiger used roads and forested areas more frequently, while the leopard used recently burned areas and open areas more frequently. It is known for its spotted coat. Some of the confusion is thought to come from the Black Panther which is a Leopard that has a completely black coat of fur, with occasional faint markings. The leopard’s tawny-yellow fur with black spots acts as a perfect camouflage for the animal as it hides in the leaves of a tree or in the long, dry grass. Facts about Leopard: 16-15 Appearance. Tigers killed more prey in the 50–100 kg (110–220 lb) range. In 2016, an estimated 4,500–8,000 snow leopards are left in the wild—much larger than previously thought (4,000–6,500 in 2003). [111] Its biological name is Panthera uncia. Wikispecies has information on: Uncia uncia. [141], In Serengeti National Park, troops of 30–40 olive baboons were observed while mobbing and attacking a female leopard and her cubs. Most often leopards will secretly move towards their prey and attack it when they are close, or hide and wait for it to come close. In 1917, Reginald Innes Pocock also subordinated the tiger (P. tigris), lion (P. leo), and jaguar (P. onca) to Panthera. It was first recorded in English in 1546. The name leopard was originally given to the cat now called cheetah —the so-called hunting leopard—which was once thought to be a cross between the lion and the pard. Spotted fur. It is not clear if male territories overlap as much as those of females do. Their pelage is also more gray in colour with less defined spots. Between 2002 and 2012, at least four leopards were estimated to have been poached per week in India for the illegal wildlife trade of its skins and bones. These black leopards are often mistaken for panthers. This has been verified by the Guinness Book of World Records. [42] In the mid-20th century, Amur leopards were absent or very rarely encountered in the Primorye region of the Russian Far East at places where Siberian tigers roamed. Leopards live all over the world in zoos and national parks, but … They grow to only 3 to 6.2 feet (92 to 190 centimeters) long. Cubs are born with closed eyes, which open four to nine days after birth. They are born blind and start to see in … "A revised taxonomy of the Felidae: The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group", "Population dynamics and threats to an apex predator outside protected areas: implications for carnivore management", "Open, Unregulated Trade in Wildlife in Morocco's Markets", "Potential benefits of impending Moroccan wildlife trade laws, a case study in carnivore skins", "Leopard shot in Bilaspur turns out to be a record breaker", "Molecular genetics and evolution of melanism in the cat family", "Mapping black panthers: Macroecological modeling of melanism in leopards (, "Mammal names proposed by Oken in his 'Lehrbuch der Zoologie, "Phylogeographic subspecies recognition in leopards (. In 1913, an Algerian newspaper reported a leopard killed that allegedly measured about 275 cm (9 ft 0 in) in total length. It is the only big cat that climbs trees regularly. English. leopard translation in English-Welsh dictionary. Add a translation. Lions are wild and have huge mouths with large teeth . New York City: DK Publishing. [136] Leopard definition, a large, spotted Asian or African carnivore, Panthera pardus, of the cat family, usually tawny with black markings; the Old World panther: all leopard populations are … Another litter was born in 1961, in which all the offspring were spotted and bigger than a juvenile leopard. Leopards have yellow fur and black spots, and... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Leopards usually live alone and try not to meet another leopard. the fur or pelt of this animal. In 1953, a lioness and a male leopard were mated in Hanshin Park in Nishinomiya, Japan. [27][32], Usually, leopards are larger in areas where they are at the top of the food chain, without competitive restriction from larger predators such as lions and tigers. The snow leopard inhabits the mountains of central Asia and the Indian subcontinent, ranging from an elevation of about 1,800 metres (about 6,000 feet) in the winter to about 5,500 metres (18,000 feet) in the summer. The most significantly preferred species are ungulates; impala, bushbuck, common duiker and chital. leopard facts. The ground color is typically yellowish above and white below. Human translations with examples: simone, arikaans, white tiger, facts about a tiger. Afrikaans. Leopards tend to take smaller prey, usually less than 75 kg (165 lb), where tigers are present. [73] The leopard-lion clade diverged 3.1–1.95 million years ago. Unsuccessful attempts were made to mate a leopon with a tigress. Due to the leopard's stealth, people often remain unaware that they live in nearby areas. The word λέοπάρδος originally referred to a cheetah. There are nine subspecies of leopard. leopard translation in English-Afrikaans dictionary. The snow leopard (Panthera uncia), also known as the ounce, is a feline, which lives in central Asia. Of all big cats, the leopard is one of the easiest to recognize, due to its distinctive spotted fur coat and long tail. When hungry, the amur leopard [15] The word λέοπάρδος originally referred to a cheetah. [10], The leopard was crossbred with other Panthera species in zoos. English. [86], In Nepal's Kanchenjunga Conservation Area, a melanistic leopard was photographed at an elevation of 4,300 m (14,100 ft) by a camera trap in May 2012. P. p. begoueni from the beginning of the Early Pleistocene was replaced about 0.6 million years ago by P. p. sickenbergi, which in turn was replaced by P. p. antiqua around 0.3 million years ago. Leopardos could be a compound of λέων (leōn), meaning lion, and πάρδος (pardos). Leopards are well known for their cream and gold spotted fur, but some leopards have black fur with dark spots. Melanism in leopards is inherited as a recessive trait relatively to the spotted form. It can climb very well, and it stays up in trees a lot of its time. Translation for 'leopard' in the free English-Arabic dictionary and many other Arabic translations. The geographic origin of the Panthera is most likely northern Central Asia. Leopard definition: A leopard is a type of large, wild cat . With relatively abundant prey and differences in the size of prey selected, tigers and leopards seem to successfully coexist without competitive exclusion or interspecies dominance hierarchies that may be more common to the leopard's co-existence with the lion in savanna habitats. They climb trees well, and do so regularly. [116] It primarily hunts at night in most areas. Originally the leopard lived in all of Africa (but not in the Sahara) and southern Asia. Snow Leopard Worksheets. Leopards generally have yellow fur with dark rosettes and spots, and a lighter colored underside. The leopard-lion clade was distributed in the Asian and African Palearctic since at least the early Pliocene. You may notice quite a big variation in the color and length of its fur. It stalks its prey, creeps to within a few metres, then leaps or dashes at the victim, which is dispatched by a bite in the back of the neck or smothered by a throat bite. [29] The chromosomes include four acrocentric, five metacentric, seven submetacentric and two telocentric pairs. Snow leopard numbers are unknown given they are extremely elusive and challenging to survey. [158], In protected areas of several countries, wildlife touring programs and safari ventures offer sightings of leopards in their natural habitat. It is basically an ambush hunter. The leopard is a sister taxon to a clade within Panthera, consisting of the lion and the jaguar. Around three months of age, the young begin to follow the mother on hunts. 'Panther' is another common name, derived from Latin: panther and Ancient Greek: πάνθηρ (pánthēr); it can additionally refer to the cougar or the jaguar. Other facts. any of various related cats resembling this animal. Helpful information. It measured 262 cm (8 ft 7 in). This hybrid came to be known as a leopon. [77] The oldest known leopard fossils excavated in Europe are about 600,000 years old and were found in the Grotte du Vallonnet in France and near Mauer in Germany. There are nine official subspecies of leopards, as well as several proposed sub-species. Their tail adds another 25 to 39 inches (64 to 99 cm) to their length. Description . Leopards are versatile, opportunistic hunters, and have a very wide diet. Outside protected areas, leopards were recorded in mixed agricultural land, secondary forest and production forest between 2008 and 2014. Angela, an animal lover, has a passion for learning and understanding God's creatures. The scientific name for a leopard is Panthera Pardus. Leopards live in a lot of different environments: rainforests, forests, mountains and savannas. [6] A leopard in India is believed to have eaten more than 125 people.[7]. [110] Females live with their cubs in territories that overlap extensively, probably due to the association between mothers and their offspring. There is something very terrifying in the angry grunt of a charging leopard, and I have seen a line of elephants that were staunch to a tiger, turn and stampede from a charging leopard. Primate species preyed upon include those of the genera Cercocebus, Cercopithecus and Semnopithecus. Leopard Interesting Facts and Features. [23] Rosettes are circular in East African leopard populations, and tend to be squarish in Southern African and larger in Asian leopard populations. leopard the leopard was originally (as in Pliny's Natural History) regarded as a hybrid between a lion and a ‘pard’. 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[159] In Sri Lanka's Yala National Park, leopards have been ranked by visitors to be among the least visible of all animals in the park, despite their high concentration in the reserve. Until 1940, similar fossils dating back to the Pleistocene were excavated mostly in loess and caves at 40 sites in Europe, including Furninha Cave near Lisbon, Genista Caves in Gibraltar, and Santander Province in northern Spain to several sites across France, Switzerland, Italy, Austria, Germany, in the north up to Derby in England, in the east to Přerov in the Czech Republic and the Baranya in southern Hungary,[76] Leopard fossils dating to the Late Pleistocene were found in Biśnik Cave in south-central Poland. Hunted largely for its beautiful, spotted fur, the loss of each Amur leopard puts the species at greater risk of extinction. 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